A Python tool to automatically build (and test) feature-rich configurations for BGP route servers.
How it works¶
Two YAML files provide general policies and clients configurations options:
cfg: rs_as: 64496 router_id: "192.0.2.2" filtering: irrdb: enforce_origin_in_as_set: True enforce_prefix_in_as_set: True rpki_bgp_origin_validation: enabled: True reject_invalid: True ...
clients: - asn: 64511 ip: - "192.0.2.11" - "2001:db8:1:1::11" irrdb: as_sets: - "RIPE::AS-FOO" ...
Jinja2 built-in templates are used to render the final route server’s configuration file.
Currently, BIRD (>= 1.6.3 up to 1.6.8), BIRD v2 (starting from 2.0.7) and OpenBGPD (OpenBSD 6.1 up to 7.1 and also OpenBGPD Portable 6.5p1 up to 7.1p0) are supported, with almost feature parity between them.
Validation and testing of the configurations generated with this tool are performed using the built-in live tests framework: Docker instances are used to simulate several scenarios and to validate the behaviour of the route server after configuring it with ARouteServer. More details on the Live tests section.
A Docker-based playground is available to experiment with the tool in a virtual IXP environment.
Also, a Docker image is provided to start building rich and secure configurations in a couple of minutes.
- Path hiding mitigation techniques (RFC7947 section 2.3.1).
- Basic filters (mostly enabled by default):
- NEXT_HOP enforcement (strict / same AS - RFC7948 section 4.8);
- minimum and maximum IPv4/IPv6 prefix length;
- maximum AS_PATH length;
- reject invalid AS_PATHs (containing private/invalid ASNs);
- reject AS_PATHs containing transit-free or never via route-servers ASNs (using PeeringDB info_never_via_route_servers attribute);
- reject bogons;
- max-prefix limit based on global or client-specific values or on PeeringDB data.
- Prefixes and origin ASNs validation (also in tag-only mode):
- IRR-based filters (RFC7948 section 4.6.2);
- AS-SETs configured manually or fetched from PeeringDB;
- support for IRR sources (RIPE::AS-FOO, RADB::AS-BAR);
- white lists support;
- extended dataset for filters generation:
- RPKI-based filtering (BGP Prefix Origin Validation);
- ROAs can be retrieved from publicly available JSON files or from a local validating cache.
- Blackhole filtering support:
- optional NEXT_HOP rewriting;
- signalling via BGP Communities (BLACKHOLE and custom communities);
- client-by-client control over propagation.
- Graceful shutdown support:
- honor the GRACEFUL_SHUTDOWN BGP community received from clients (draft-ietf-grow-bgp-gshut-11);
- allow to perform a graceful shutdown of the route server itself.
- Control and informative communities:
- prefix/origin ASN present/not present in IRRDBs data;
- do (not) announce to any / peer / on RTT basis;
- prepend to any / peer / on RTT basis;
- add NO_EXPORT / NO_ADVERTISE to any / peer;
- Euro-IX large BGP communities to track reject reasons;
- custom informational BGP communities.
- Optional session features on a client-by-client basis:
- Automatic building of clients list:
- IX-F Member Export JSON files creation.
- Related tools:
More feature are already planned: see the Future work section for more details.
- Euro-IX “Learn with us: ARouteServer tutorial”, 28 July 2021: video (33:13)
- RIPE74, 10 May 2017, Connect Working Group: video (9:53), slides (PDF)
- Salottino MIX, 30 May 2017: slides
Mentions / endorsements:
- Job Snijders, LACNIC29, 3 May 2018: slides (PDF)
- Anurag Bhatia, APNIC46, 12 September 2018: video, slides (PDF)
- Claudio Jeker, RIPE Labs, 28 November 2018: OpenBGPD - Adding Diversity to the Route Server Landscape.
Who is using ARouteServer?¶
- BharatIX, BIRD.
- CATNIX, BIRD.
- CHIX, BIRD and OpenBGPD.
- CNX, BIRD v2.
- DO-IX, BIRD.
- EVIX, BIRD.
- FCIX, BIRD.
- IX Australia, BIRD v2.
- IX-Denver, BIRD.
- MBIX, BIRD.
- MIX, BIRD.
- Netnod, BIRD and GoBGP1.
- NIXI Mumbai (GPX), BIRD.
- NZIX, BIRD v2.
- PIT-IX, BIRD.
- QCIX, BIRD.
- RO-CIX, OpenBGPD.
- SwissIX, OpenBGPD.
- Unmetered.Exchange, BIRD.
- YEGIX, OpenBGPD.
- YXEIX, BIRD.
- YYCIX, OpenBGPD.
Are you using it? Do you want to be listed here? Drop me a message!
1: GoBGP configurations are generated using a fork of the project which is still WIP and that hopefully will be merged upstream in the future.